To increase the reading speed and the quality of learning, we need
1. Become an active reader
1.1. Put tasks before the reading
- for what I read
- what I want to know
- for what period of time do I need to keep it in mind (to remember it)
- how detailed should I remember it
1.2. Take an interest to the text you read
For interest stimulation of (and it is very important for memorizing)
- to analyze having knowledge according to the reading subject matter and to compare it with the obtained one
- to compare knowledge gotten from a paragraph before, with the knowledge it’s become after reading the next paragraph
- to analyze the author’s position, to agree or to disagree with it, like if the author would tell you all that in real communication
- to try to anticipate further events in the text and to compare the facts you read with the sentences.
1.3. Seek and mark out important ideas and to throw off unimportant ones
- to mark out the main idea of the paragraph
- to mark out some extra important ideas
- to throw off unimportant information (often it can be some linking words or turns)
1.4. After every 15 min, make a pause for 1-2 min and briefly repeat to yourself the resumes of the last 15 min reading.
2. Get rid of bad habits: rereading and pronouncing to yourself.
2.1. Read without pronouncing to yourself = read the images (read imagery)
The best way of muting inside articulation (pronouncing to yourself) – is to count to yourself in the same time with reading the book: when you see next (new) word, pronounce to yourself next numeral from 1 to 30.
In the time of reading some special literature, you should stop on every "new" word and fix some inside image of it to yourself, so that you could instantly refer to it next time.
Sometimes it is helpful to write down those words into some separate "dictionary", thereby making even better image fixation.
This "dictionary" will be filled in quite fast, making possible to increase the reading speed.
2.2. Read text without rereading it again
If you missed the idea of the text - do not reread it again, force yourself to understand it at once this way! The habit to read and to think about the things you’ve read will come quite soon.
3. Expand the reading margin
3.1. Read several words/lines with one glance fixation
For this, you should make yourself see several nearby words looking just to one of them. For development of this skill you need to move your glance over (through) one word, or fix your glance on the middle of the left half line first, and then on the middle of the right half line, trying to read all the words without a fixation of the glance on each of them.